Menulis Inggris: Simple Present Tense


Sumber: Pinterest

Contoh Cerita Simple Present Tense:


Adi lives in Surabaya. He has a book. Now, he wants to read. Adi reads book in a room. Adi has a friend. Her name is Anna. She is not from Surabaya.

Anna calls Adi. She wants to play with Adi. Anna asks him, “Do you want to play with me?”

Adi answers, “Yes, I want to play with you.”

Adi and Anna play together. After hours, Adi asks Anna, “Are you hungry?” Anna replies, “Yes, I am hungry.”

At last, they go to kitchen for eating. Adi does not like chicken. He eats vegetables. Anna eats chicken but she does not like vegetables. They do not like eggs.

Analisa Cerita
Cerita diatas menggunakan bentuk waktu Simple Present Tense (SPT). SPT digunakan untuk:

  1. menyatakan fakta.
    – The sun sets in the west
    – Coffee tastes bitter
    – Dogs like bone
  2. menyampaikan kebiasaan
    – I read novel everyday
    – Karmila takes a violin course once a week
    – Her children has a nap at 1 p.m.

SPT mempunyai struktur sebagai berikut:

  1. Kalimat Positif
    1. subject + Verb-1Kata ganti, she, he, dan nama orang tunggal menggunakan verb-1 + e/es.
      Contoh:
      – Adi has a book
      (bandingkan dengan: They have a book)
      – He wants to read
      (bandingkan dengan: Karmila and Jamal want to read)Kata ganti you, I, they, dan benda jamak menggunakan verb-1
      Contoh:
      – Adi and Anna play together
      (bandingkan dengan: Adi plays football)
      – I take her hands
      (bandingkan dengan: She takes my hands)
      – You cook in the kitchen
      (bandingkan dengan: Mother cooks in the kitchen)
    2. subject + linking verb (am, is, are)
      Contoh:
      – Her name is Anna
      – Andi and Anna are hungry.
  2. Kalimat Negatif:
    1. subject + auxiliary verb (do/does) + not +Verb-1
      Contoh:
      – Adi does not like chicken
      – She does not like vegetables.
      – They do not like eggs
    2. subject + linking verb (is, am, are) + not
      Contoh:
      – She is not from Surabaya
  3. Kalimat Tanya
    1. auxiliary verb (Do/Does) + Verb-1+ subject
      Contoh:
      – Do you want to play with me?
    2. linking verb (is, am, are) + subject
      Contoh:
      Are you hungry?

Catatan:

  1. Kata kerja dasar (infinitif) untuk subyek He, She, It, dan kata ganti benda tunggal akan mengalami perubahan.
    1. Pada dasarnya ditambah -s
      to read   menjadi reads
      to write menjadi writes
    2. infinitif berakhir dengan vocal “o” ditambah -es
      to do  menjadi does
      to go menjadi goes
    3. infinitif yang berakhiran dengan konsonan ch, sh, s atau x ditambah es
      teach menjadi teaches
      wish menjadi wish
      discuss menjadi discusses
      fix menjadi fixes
    4. infinitif berakhir huruf “e” tetap ditambah -es meskipun bersuara z atau j
      use menjadi uses
      change menjadi changes
    5. infinitif yang berakhir huruf “y” yang didahului huruf konsonan, maka “y” diganti “i” dan ditambah -es
      to fly menjadi flies
      to study menjadi studies
  2. Kata kerja dasar tidak mengalami perubahan apabila didahului oleh kata kerja bantu, misal: can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would, do, does, did
    Contoh:

    1. SALAH: She can does her homework
      BENAR: She can do her homework
    2. SALAH: He must goes now
      BENAR: He must go now

Tanda waktu (time signal) yang sering digunakan pada simple present tense

Always Selalu
As a rule Biasanya, lazimnya
Every day Tiap hari
Every other day Dua hari sekali
Every sunday Setiap hari Minggu
Every week Tiap pekan
Frequently Seringkali
Generally Biasanya, umumnya
Here Disini
Normally Biasanya
Often Seringkali
Occasionally Kadang-kadang
On and off Kadang-kadang
Once in while Sekali-sekali; kadang-kadang
Once a week Setiap seminggu
Usually Biasanya
Never Tidak pernah
Regularly Secara tetap
Sometimes Kadang-kadang
Seldom Jarang
Nowadays Pada waktu sekarang
Steadly Selalu; terus menerus
When Kalau
There Disana
Now and then Kadang-kadang
Twice a week Dua kali seminggu
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