Menulis Bahasa Inggris: Present Perfect Tense


Sumber: Pinterest

Contoh Cerita Present Perfect Tense

Adi lives in Surabaya. He has lived for ten years. He has a book. He has had that books for three months. Now, he wants to read. Adi reads book in a room. Adi has a friend. Her name is Anna. She is not from Surabaya.

His mother has cooked and his father is taking a bath when Anna calls him. She wants to play with him. Anna asks Adi, “Do you want to play with me?”

Adi answers, “Ok. Come here. I have finished reading a good book and I am watching TV with my mom.”

Adi and Anna play together. After hours, Adi asks Anna, “Have you eaten already?”

Anna replies, “No, I haven’t. I am hungry.”

At last, they go to kitchen for eating. Adi does not like chicken. He eats vegetables. Anna eats chicken but she does not like vegetables. They do not like eggs.

Adi’s mother comes and says, “What are you doing here? Don’t eat here.“

Adi and Anna go to dining room.

Analisa Cerita

Cerita diatas menggunakan bentuk waktu Simple Present Tense (SPT), Present Continous Tense (PCT) dan Present Perfect Tense (PPT). PPT digunakan sebagai berikut:

  • Untuk mengatakan kejadian yang telah terjadi pada waktu tertentu, sebelum saat ini
    Contoh:
    – He has lived for ten year.
    – I have learned how to swim.
  • Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang mulai terjadi di masa lampau dan masih berlangsung saat ini. (Yang dinyatakan adalah “keadaan”, bukan “aksi”)
    Contoh:
    – He has had that books for three months.
    – My sister has been dizzy.
  • Untuk menyatakan aksi yang baru saja selesai dilakukan
    Contoh:
    – I have read this book
    – I have already eaten

PPT mempunyai struktur sebagai berikut:

  1. Kalimat positif: Subject + has/have + V-3
    Contoh:
    – I have read this book
    – Your father has eaten
  1. Kalimat negatif: subject + has/have + not + V-3
    Contoh:
    – I have not read this book
    – Your father has not eaten
  2.  Kalimat tanya: Has/Have + subject + V-3
    Contoh:
    – Have I read this book?
    – Has your father eaten?

Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan pada Present Perfect Tense

  1. Present Perfect Tense tidak boleh diberi keterangan waktu tertentu seperti: yesterday, last night, last week, last…., ago
    Contoh:
    SALAH: I have met her yesterday
    BENAR: I have met her
  2. Since digunakan untuk menyatakan awal kejadian pada Present Perfect Tense; for digunakan untuk menyatakan periode kejadian.
    Contoh:
    SALAH: I have lived in Surabaya since three years
    BENAR: I have lived in Surabaya for three yearsSALAH: I have lived in Surabaya for 2004
    BENAR: I have lived in Surabaya since 2004

Time signal yang sering dipakai pada Present Perfect Tense

Already Sudah
As yet Sampai sekarang
At last Akhirnya
Ever Pernah
For an hour Selama sejam
For two years Selama dua tahun
Finally Akhirnya
Just Baru saja
Once Satu kali
Since yesterday Sejak kemarin
Since 2014 Sejak tahun 2014
Since an hour ago Sejak sejam yang lalu
Twice Dua kali
Three times Tiga kali
Many times Banyak kali
Several times Beberapa kali
This week Minggu ini
This month Bulan ini
This year Tahun ini
Not yet Belum
So far Sejauh ini, sampai sekarang
Up to the present time Hingga sekarang
Lately Akhir-akhir ini
Recently Baru-baru ini
Never Tak pernah

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