Menulis Simple Past Tense


Contoh Cerita Simple Past Tense

Adi has been living in Surabaya for all his life. He has a book. He has had that books for three months. Now, he wants to read. Adi reads book in a room. Adi has a friend. Her name is Anna. She is not from Surabaya. She has been living in Surabaya since 2012.

His mother has cooked when Anna called him. She wanted to play with him. Anna asked Adi, “Do you want to play with me?”

Adi answered, “Ok. Come here. I have finished reading a good book and I am watching TV with my mom now.”

Adi and Anna played together. After hours, Adi asked Anna, “Have you eaten already?”

Anna replied, “No, I haven’t. I am hungry.”

At last, they went to kitchen for eating. Adi does not like chicken. He ate vegetables. Anna ate chicken but she does not like vegetables. They do not like eggs.

Adi’s mother came and said, “What are you doing here? Don’t eat here.“

Then, Adi and Anna went to dining room.

Analisa Cerita

Cerita diatas menggunakan bentuk waktu Simple Present Tense, Present  Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense dan Simple Past Tense (SPT). SPT digunakan sebagai berikut:

  • Untuk menyatakan kejadian pada masa lalu
    – Adi met Anna in 2004
    – It rained yesterday
  • Untuk menyatakan kebiasaan di masa lalu
    – When I was a student, I walked two kilometres from home to school everyday
    – My father always drank a cup of coffee before going to work

SPT mempunyai struktur sebagai berikut:

  1. Kalimat positif: Subject + V-2
    Contoh:
    – Anna called him
    – She wanted to play with him
  1. Kalimat negatif: subject + did + not + V-1
    Contoh:
    – Anna did not call him
    – She did not want to play with Adi
  1. Kalimat tanya:  Did + subject + V-1
    Contoh:
    – Did Anna call him?
    – Did she want to play with Adi?

V-2 adalah bentuk past tense/preterite dari kata kerja dasar/V-1 (infinitive). Perubahan bentuk kata kerja ini berdasarkan salah satu aturan dari regular verbs atau irregular verbs. Untuk mengetahui perubahan yang termasuk irregular verbs, Anda dapat membaca artikel saya yang berjudul Irregular Verbs List, sedangkan untuk regular verbs, Anda dapat melihatnya dibawah ini:

  1. Pada dasarnya infinitive ditambah dengan akhiran “ed”
    Help Helped Helped Menambahkan
    Accept Accepted Accepted Menerima baik
    Play Played Played Bermain
  2. Infinitive berakhiran huruf vokal “e”, maka ditambah dengan “-d”
    Smoke Smoked Smoked Merokok
    Admire Admired Admired Mengagumi
    Advise Advised Advised Menasehati
  3. Infinitive berakhiran huruf “y” dan didahului konsonan, maka “y” diganti dengan “I” dan ditambah “ed”
    Cry Cried Cried Menangis
    Carry Carried Carried Membawa
    Fry Fried Fried menggoreng
  4. infinitive berakhiran huruf “y” dan didahului huruf vokal, maka langsung ditambah dengan ed
    Convey Conveyed Conveyed Menyampaikan
    Decay Decayed Decayed Merusak
    Spray Sprayed Sprayed menyemprot
  5. infinitive yang diakhiri konsonan dan didahului huruf vokal, maka huruf terakhir digandakan, kemudian ditambah dengan “ed”
    Gab Gabbed Gabbed Mengobrol
    Beg Begged Begged Meminta
    Rob Robbed Robbed merampok
  6. infinitive berakhiran “L” dan didahului huruf vokal, maka huruf “L” digandakan lalu ditambah dengan “ed”
    Cancel Cancelled Cancelled Membatalkan
    Propel Propelled Propelled Menggerakkan
    Compel Compelled compelled Memaksa
  7. infinitive berakhiran “L” dan didahului dua huruf vokal, maka huruf “L” tidak perlu digandakan
    Assail Assailed Assailed Menyerang
    Squeal Squealed Squealed Menjerit
    Spoil Spoiled Spoiled Memanjakan
  8. Infinitive berakhiran konsonan dan didahului huruf vokal serta terdiri dari lebih dari satu suku kata, apabila tekanan jatuh pada suku kata terakhir, maka huruf terakhir digandakan lalu ditambah “ed”
    Allot Allotted allotted Membagikan
    Occur Occurred Occurred Terjadi
    Admit Admitted Admitted Mengakui
  9. Infinitive berakhiran konsonan dan didahului dua huruf vokal serta terdiri dari lebih dari satu suku kata, apabila tekanan jatuh pada suku kata terakhir, maka ditambah “ed”
    Repair Repaire Repaired Memperbaiki
    Repeat Repeated Repeated Mengulangi
    Report Reported Reported Melaporkan
  10. Apabila infinitive berakhiran dengan huruf konsonan dan didahului huruf vokal serta kata tersebut bersuku kata dua yang tekanan pengucapan pada suku kata pertama, maka kata tersebut hanya perlu ditambah “ed”. Huruf konsonan terakhir TIDAK PERLU digandakan.
    Visit Visited Visited Mengunjungi
    Follow Followed Followed Menyusul
    Gather Gathered Gathered Berkerumun
  11. Jika kata kerja dasar berakhiran huruf “c”, didahului huruf vokal, maka konsonan “c” harus ditambah huruf “k”, kemudian ditambah “ed”
    Panic Panicked Panicked Membuat panik
    Frolic Frolicked Frolicked Bermain-main
    Picnic Picnicked Pinicked berpiknik
Iklan

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s